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Cabinet of North Korea

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The Cabinet of North Korea (Naegak ) is, according to the Constitution of North Korea, the administrative and executive body and a general state-management organ in the Government of North Korea.Article 123 of the Constitution of North Korea The Cabinet's principal newspaper is Minju Choson.

History

, visiting Moscow in 1949
In North Korea's first constitution, adopted in 1948, the executive powers were vested in the Cabinet, chaired by Kim Il-sung himself.
The 1972 constitution saw the establishment of the post of President of North Korea which led the executive branch, and the cabinet was split into two organizations: The Central People's Committee and the State Administration Council. The Central People's Committee provided the highest visible institutional link between the government and the party and served in effect as a de-facto super-cabinet. According to the 1972 constitution, the Central People's Committee exercised various functions and powers such as shaping the internal and external politicies of the state, direct the work of the Administration Council and provincial people's committee, supervising the execution of the constitution, laws and ordinances of the Supreme People's Assembly, establish or abolish ministries, executive bodies of the Administration Council and appoint or remove vice premiers, ministers and other members of the Administration Council and also to declare a state of war and enacting mobilization orders in case of emergency. Article 104 gave the authority to the CPC to adopt decrees and decisions and issue directives.Dae-Sook Suh & Chae-Jin Lee. Political Leadership in Korea. The 1972 Constitution and Top Communist Leaders, p. 197
The National Defence Commission was then sub-committee of this body.Article 105 of the 1972 Constitution The CPC's formal powers were all-inclusive and it was chaired by the President.Articles 100-106 of the 1972 Constitution of North Korea Among its responsibilities are formulating domestic and foreign policies, directing the work of the State Administration Council and its local organs, directing the judiciary, ensuring the enforcement of the constitution and other laws, appointing or removing the vice premiers and cabinet members, establishing or changing administrative subdivisions or their boundaries, and ratifying or abolishing treaties signed with foreign countries. The CPC also may issue decrees, decisions, and instructions. The State Administration Council was guided by the CPC and was led by a premier (chong-ri) and included vice premiers (bochong-ri), ministers (boojang), committee chairmen, and other cabinet-level members of central agencies. It was responsible for the formulation of state economic development plans and measures for implementing them, the preparation of the state budget, and the handling of other monetary and fiscal matters.A Country Study: North Korea- 1993- Library of Congress
1982 saw the People's Armed Forces and Public Security Ministries assigned directly to the President together with the State Inspection Commission.
In 1990, by a CPC decision, the NDC became fully independent from it as a separate institution, and 1992 constitutional amendments assigned it directly to the Supreme People's Assembly. In 1998 amendments to the Constitution, the Central People's Committee and the State Administration were abolished, and the Cabinet was re-created. Thus, the Cabinet is not only the highest executive enforcement organ but was also expanded to become the general State management organ.
Emphasizing its expanded role, on January 1999 Kim Jong-il stated that

First cabinet

The first cabinet was announced with the establishment of North Korea on September, 1948北韓人民共和國(북한인민공화국) 首相(수상)에 金日成氏(김일성씨) 동아일보 1948-09-10 1면https://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1948091100209201013&editNo=1&printCount=1&publishDate=1948-09-11&officeId=00020&pageNo=1&printNo=7694&publishType=00020 北韓組閣完了(북한조각완료) 동아일보 1948-09-11 1면Robert A. Scalapino, Chong-Sik Lee. Communism in Korea: Society. Appendix D- DPRK Cabinet Composition and Membership (1948-1967)
  • Deputy Prime Minister - Hong Myong-hui (æ´ª 命 熹, 1888 ~ 1968)
  • Deputy Prime Minister - Kim Chaek (金 ç­–, 1903 ~ 1951)
  • Chairman of the National Planning Committee (Jun-taek Jeong, (ìš°) (朴一禹, 1911 - 1955)
  • National Defence Minister Choe Yong-gon ( ) (1900-1976)
  • Internal Affairs Minister Pak Il-u ( ) (朴一禹, 1911 - 1955)
  • Foreign Affairs Minister Pak Hon-yong (朴憲英, 1900 - 1956)
  • Industry Minister (ì±… 相 兼任) Kim Chaek (金 ç­–, 1903 - 1951)
  • Agriculture and Forestry Minister (Pak Mun-gyu, 1906 - ?)
  • Transport Minister Chu Yong-ha (朱 寧河, 1908 - ?)
  • Finance Minister Choe Chang-ik (崔昌益, 1896 - 1957)
  • Education Minister Paek Nam-un (白南雲, 1894 - 1979)
  • Justice Minister Ri Sung-yop ( ) (李承 燁, 1905 - 1954)
  • Cultural and Propaganda Minister Ho Jong-suk (許 貞 æ·‘, 1902 - 1991)
  • Labor Minister Ho Song-thaek ( ) (許成澤, 1908 - 1958?)
  • Health Minister Li Pyong-nam ( ) (李炳南, 1903 -?)
  • Urban Management Minister Lee Yong 이용 (李 鏞, 1888 - 1954)
  • National Censorship Minister Kim Won-bong (金元鳳, 1898 ~ 1958)
  • Minister without portoflio Li Guk-ro (李克魯, 1893-1978)

Selection

The cabinet is appointed and accountable to the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean unicameral parliament. The SPA chooses the Premier of North Korea who appoints three vice premiers and the cabinet's ministers. All members of the cabinet are members of the Workers' Party of Korea which rules the country since its establishment in 1948. While the SPA is not in session, the cabinet is accountable to the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly.Article 125 of the Constitution of North Korea
, some 260 people have served as cabinet ministers. Six of them have been women: Ho Jong-suk (Minister of Culture, Justice), Pak Chong-ae (Agriculture), Yi Yang-suk (Commerce, Textile and Paper Industries), Pak Yong-sin (Culture), Yi Ho-hyok (Foodstuff and Daily Necessities Industries), and Yu Gi-jong (Finance).

Powers and responsibilities

The Cabinet, as the executive branch of the North Korean state, is responsible for implementing the state's economic policies, as guided by the Workers' Party. The cabinet is not responsible for defense and security issues, as those are handled by the State Affairs Commission. Thus, the security organizations such as the Korean People's Army, Ministry of People's Security and State Security Department report and subordinated directly to the SAC, whose Chairman holds full power as the supreme leader of the republic and the party and overall commander-in-chief of all uniformed forces. The Cabinet convenes a plenary meeting and an executive meeting.Article 121 of the Constitution of North Korea The plenary meeting consists of all the Cabinet members, while the executive meeting is kind of a presidium, and comprises fewer people, including the Premier, vice premier and other Cabinet members whom the Premier nominates. The cabinet forms acts in the form of decisions and directives. In the performance of its mandate the Cabinet is empowered by the Constitution to:Article 119 of the Constitution of North Korea
  • adopt measures to execute state policy.
  • institute, amend, and supplement regulations concerning state management based on the Constitution and ministerial laws.
  • guide the work of the Cabinet commissions, ministries, direct ministries and subordinate agencies of the Cabinet and the local people’s committees
  • set up and remove direct ministries and agencies, main administrative economic organizations, and enterprises, and adopt measures to improve the State management structure.
  • draft the State plan for the development of the national economy and adopt measures to put it into effect.
  • compile the State budget and adopt measures to implement it.
  • organize and exercise works in the fields of industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, communications, commerce, trade, land management, city management, education, science, culture, health, physical training, labor administration, environmental protection, tourism and others.
  • adopt measures to strengthen the monetary and banking system.
  • do inspection and control work to establish a state management order.
  • adopt measures to maintain social order, protect State and social cooperation body’s possession and interests, and to guarantee citizens’ rights.
  • conclude treaties with foreign countries, and conduct external activities.
  • abolish decisions and directions by economic administrative organs, which run counter to the decisions or directions made by its members.
Those Cabinet ministries that oversee economic sectors also control groups of industries called "complexes". These complexes consist of partially or fully state-owned industrial facilities like factories, mines, or farms, depending on the sector. At a local level, the Cabinet supervises the Local People's Committees.

Structure

As of 13 April 2019, the following individuals make up the composition of the Cabinet:
{
+
! colspan="6" Cabinet of North Korea
-
! colspan="2" Minister
! colspan="2" Political party
!Position
! Reference
-
Kim Tok-hun
rowspan="1"
Workers' Party of Korea
  • Premier
  • New Premier of DPRK Cabinet Appointed
    -
    frameless103x103px
    Ro Tu-chol
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Vice Premier
  • Chairman of the State Planning Commission

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Im Chol-ung
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Vice Premier

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ri Ju-o
  • Vice Premier

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ri Ryong-nam
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Vice Premier

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Jon Kwang-ho
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Vice Premier

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Tong Jong-ho
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Vice Premier

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ko In-ho
    • Vice Premier
    • Minister of Agriculture

    -
    frameless103x103px
    Ri Son-gwon
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Man-su
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Electric Power Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Mun Myong-hak
  • Minister of Coal Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Chung-gol
  • Minister of Metallurgical Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Jang Kil-ryong
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Chemical Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Jang Hyok
  • Minister of Railways

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kang Jong-gwan
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Land and Maritime Transportation

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ryom Chol-su
  • Minister of Mining Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Chol-su
  • Minister of State Natural Resources Development

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ko Kil-son
  • Minister of Oil Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Han Ryong-guk
  • Minister of Forestry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Yang Sun-hHo
  • Minister of Machine-Building Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kang Chol-gu
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Shipbuilding

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Wang Chang-uk
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Nuclear Power Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Jae-song
  • Minister of Electronics Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Kwang-chol
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Posts and Telecommunications

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Pak Hun
  • Minister of Construction and Building-Materials Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kwon Song-ho
  • Minister of State Construction Control

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Choe Il-ryong
  • Minister of Light Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Jo Yong-chol
  • Minister of Local Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ri Kang-son
  • Minister of Consumer Goods Industry

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Song Chun-sop
  • Minister of Fisheries

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ki Kwang-ho
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Finance

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Yun Kang-ho
  • Minister of Labor

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Yong-jae
  • Minister of External Economic Relations

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Ri Chung-gil
  • Chairman of State Commission of Science and Technology

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Jang Chol
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • President of the Academy of Sciences of North Korea

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Kyong-jun
  • Minister of Land and Environment Protection

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Kyong-jun
  • Director of the Supervisory Bureau of Forestry Policy of the State Affairs Commission

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kang Yong-su
  • Minister of Urban Management

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Mun Ung-jo
  • Minister of Food Procurement and Administration

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Kyong-nam
  • Minister of Commerce

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Sung-du
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Chairman of the Education Commission

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Choe Sang-gon
    Workers' Party of Korea
    • President of Kim Il-sung University
    • Chairman of the Party Guidance Committee
    • Minister of Higher Education

    -
    frameless103x103px
    O Chun-bok
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Public Health

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Pak Chun-nam
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • Minister of Culture

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Il-guk
  • Minister of Physical Culture and Sports

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Chon-gyun
    Workers' Party of Korea
  • President of the Central Bank

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Choe Sung-ho
  • Director of the Central Statistics Bureau

  • -
    frameless103x103px
    Kim Yong-ho
  • Director of Cabinet Secretariat

  • See also


  • Politics of North Korea

  • External links



  • ru:Правительство КНДР
     
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