Gabriel (Joseph) Talphir (1901–1990) was an Israeli poet, art critic, publisher, editor and translator.
Gabriel Talphir was born as Joseph Wundermann in Stanislaw, Galicia, then ruled by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. When World War I broke out, he was sent to study at a Jewish high school in Vienna. Later he studied at art at the University of Vienna and taught at several Jewish schools in Vilna, Zamosc, Lwow, and Warsaw. He was a member of the Zionist youth group Hechalutz and immigrated to Palestine in 1925.Gabriel Talphir, The Israel Museum In 1924, Talphir published his first poems in Polish Jewish periodicals. Later, he included them in his collection of verse, Three Poems. His most well-known poems are Legion (1925), Jazz Band, a rhythmic poem (1927), Hunger (1928), and The Scattered Manifest (1928). Talphir also wrote and published art criticism. In 1932, he founded Gazith, a journal on arts and culture. For years, "Gazith" was the only Jewish periodical dedicated to the plastic arts. He edited the journal with the help of his wife Miriam. Gazith published prose, poetry, essays, reviews and illustrations of art and architecture. Of the essays published during its first year, a third were dedicated to visual art. Most were about European Jewish artists, among them Liebermann, Menkes, Mintchine, Modigliani, Pascin, Pissarro and Soutine. On behalf of the 70-year anniversary of Gazith's establishment in Tel Aviv, the head of the municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Shlomo Lahat, wrote to Talphir that he could not imagine the original artistic and cultural achievement of the city without Talphir's periodical and his dedicated work. Talphir was also a translator. Among the many books he translated were the works of Ilya Ehrenburg, Ãˆve Curie (the daughter of Madame Curie), and Franz Werfel. He also edited, published and translated art books and albums.
In 1991, on the first anniversary of his death, all his poems were re-released by Gazith. A collection of artist's portrait photographs and letters from Talphir's estate is found today at the Information Center for Israeli Art in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Visual arts in Israel
Gabriel Talphir in The Lexicon of Modern Hebrew Literature (Hebrew)
Autobiography of an (Almost) Anonymous Man on the site of Itamar's Book Shop (Hebrew)
Category:1901 births Category:1990 deaths Category:20th-century translators Category:20th-century poets Category:People from Ivano-Frankivsk Category:Austrian Jews Category:Israeli art critics Category:Israeli Jews Category:Israeli people of Austrian-Jewish descent Category:Austro-Hungarian Jews Category:Ukrainian Jews Category:Israeli poets Category:Israeli translators Category:Jews in Mandatory Palestine Category:University of Vienna alumni Category:Polish Jews Category:Polish emigrants to Mandatory Palestine Category:People from the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Category:Jews from Galicia (Eastern Europe)