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Gabriel Talphir

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In this page talks about ( Gabriel Talphir ) It was sent to us on 25/07/2021 and was presented on 25/07/2021 and the last update on this page on 25/07/2021

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Gabriel (Joseph) Talphir (1901–1990) was an Israeli poet, art critic, publisher, editor and translator.

Biography

Gabriel Talphir was born as Joseph Wundermann in Stanislaw, Galicia, then ruled by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. When World War I broke out, he was sent to study at a Jewish high school in Vienna. Later he studied at art at the University of Vienna and taught at several Jewish schools in Vilna, Zamosc, Lwow, and Warsaw. He was a member of the Zionist youth group Hechalutz and immigrated to Palestine in 1925.Gabriel Talphir, The Israel Museum
In 1924, Talphir published his first poems in Polish Jewish periodicals. Later, he included them in his collection of verse, Three Poems. His most well-known poems are Legion (1925), Jazz Band, a rhythmic poem (1927), Hunger (1928), and The Scattered Manifest (1928).
Talphir also wrote and published art criticism. In 1932, he founded Gazith, a journal on arts and culture. For years, "Gazith" was the only Jewish periodical dedicated to the plastic arts. He edited the journal with the help of his wife Miriam.
Gazith published prose, poetry, essays, reviews and illustrations of art and architecture. Of the essays published during its first year, a third were dedicated to visual art. Most were about European Jewish artists, among them Liebermann, Menkes, Mintchine, Modigliani, Pascin, Pissarro and Soutine.
On behalf of the 70-year anniversary of Gazith's establishment in Tel Aviv, the head of the municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Shlomo Lahat, wrote to Talphir that he could not imagine the original artistic and cultural achievement of the city without Talphir's periodical and his dedicated work.
Talphir was also a translator. Among the many books he translated were the works of Ilya Ehrenburg, Ève Curie (the daughter of Madame Curie), and Franz Werfel. He also edited, published and translated art books and albums.

Legacy

In 1991, on the first anniversary of his death, all his poems were re-released by Gazith. A collection of artist's portrait photographs and letters from Talphir's estate is found today at the Information Center for Israeli Art in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.

See also

  • Visual arts in Israel
  • Aliyah

Further reading

  • Gabriel Talphir in The Lexicon of Modern Hebrew Literature (Hebrew)
  • Autobiography of an (Almost) Anonymous Man on the site of Itamar's Book Shop (Hebrew)

Category:1901 births
Category:1990 deaths
Category:20th-century translators
Category:20th-century poets
Category:People from Ivano-Frankivsk
Category:Austrian Jews
Category:Israeli art critics
Category:Israeli Jews
Category:Israeli people of Austrian-Jewish descent
Category:Austro-Hungarian Jews
Category:Ukrainian Jews
Category:Israeli poets
Category:Israeli translators
Category:Jews in Mandatory Palestine
Category:University of Vienna alumni
Category:Polish Jews
Category:Polish emigrants to Mandatory Palestine
Category:People from the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
Category:Jews from Galicia (Eastern Europe)
 
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