Today: Monday 14 June 2021 , 6:27 am


Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument

Last updated 2 Day , 13 hour 141 Views

In this page talks about ( Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument ) It was sent to us on 11/06/2021 and was presented on 11/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 11/06/2021

Your Comment

Enter code
The Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument ( ) is a natural monument in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It protects the Sugarloaf Mountain and the adjoining Morro da Urca, distinctive landmarks of the city.


The Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument has an area of .
The monument is located in the neighborhood of Urca, near where the first settlement of the city of Rio de Janeiro was made.
Attractions include the "Bondinho" cable car ride, inaugurated in 1912, Cláudio Coutinho Track for running or walking, the Morro da Urca trail with views of Corcovado, Copacabana, Botafogo and Guanabara Bay, and many rock climbing routes.


The two peaks are typical outcrops of augen gneiss, the same gneiss that forms the steep rock walls of the city. Kinzigite gneiss, less resistant to weathering, is present in the depression between Urca Hill and Sugar Loaf. The augen gneiss represents a deformed and recrystallized porphyritic granite that intruded into the kinzigite. These metasedimentary rocks are Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic in age. These Coastal Massifs form the eastern portion of Guanabara Bay.


The city of Rio de Janeiro was founded near to the Sugarloaf Mountain, then an island, on 1 March 1565.
The site was chosen to guard the entrance to Guanabara Bay, and the mountain was important as a signalling point.
A landfill connected the island to the mainland in 1697, and various buildings were erected to defend the territory, but the Urca urban neighborhood was only built 300 years after the city was founded.
The Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument was created by the city of Rio de Janeiro by municipal decree 26578 of 1 June 2006.
The objectives are to guarantee green spaces for leisure in a natural area, and to conserve, protect and recover the existing Atlantic Forest ecosystem and landscape.
The consultative council is chaired by the Municipal Environmental Secretariat, which administers the monument.
The natural monument is part of the Carioca Mosaic, created in 2011.
The monument became part of a World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO in 2012.
The management plan was published in October 2013.

See also

  • Pedra da Gávea
  • Serra dos Órgãos



  • {{citationlanguage=ptref=
  • title=Mosaico Carioca de Áreas Protegidaspublisher=MMA
  • {{citationref= language=pt
  • title=Monumento Natural Dos Morros Do Pão De Açúcar e Da Urcapublisher=MoNa Pão de Açúcar
  • {{citation language=ptref=
  • title=Monumento Natural dos Morros do Pão de Açúcar e da Urcapublisher=SMAC: Secretaria Municipal de Meio Ambiente
    Category:State parks of Brazil
    Category:Protected areas established in 2006
    Category:2006 establishments in Brazil
    Category:Protected areas of Rio de Janeiro (state)

    There are no Comments yet

    last seen
    Most vists