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List of Samoan plant common names

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Below are some Samoan plant names in alphabetical order in the Samoan language and their corresponding descriptions in English. Many are used in traditional medicines in the Samoa Islands comprising Samoa and American Samoa.
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! Samoan name
! Scientific name
! Plant family
! English name
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A'atasi Rorippa sarmentosaBrassicaceae (Mustard family) Polynesian cress
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Ago, lega when cooked Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) Turmeric
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Aloalo, also Aloalo fanua, Aloalo sami Premna serratifolia Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
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Aloalo tai Clerodendrum inerme Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
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Aloalo vao Mussaenda raiateensis Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
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Aloe (English loan word) Aloe vera Agavaceae (Yucca family) Aloe vera
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Aoa Ficus obliqua Moraceae (Mulberry family) Polynesian banyan, strangler fig
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ʻApu Initia (English loan word) Anacardium occidentale Anacardiaceae (Cashew family) Cashew, "Indian Apple"
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Ateate Melanthera biflora Asteraceae (Sunflower family) Beach sunflower
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ʻAu'auli Diospyros samoensis Ebenaceae Samoan ebony
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ʻAute Samoa Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Malvaceae (Mallow family) Red hibiscus
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ʻAva, ʻAva Samoa, kava Piper methysticum Piperaceae (Pepper family) Kava
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ʻAvaʻavaaitu Macropiper puberulum Piperaceae (Pepper family)
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ʻAvaʻavaaitu sosolo
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ʻAvaʻavaaitu tu
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ʻAvapui Zingiber zerumbet Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) Wild ginger, shampoo ginger
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ʻAvapui tuasivi Alpinia samoensis Zingiberaceae
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Esi (Tongan loan word, lesi transliterated as le esi Carica papaya Caricaceae (Papaya family) Papaya, pawpaw
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Faʻi, moʻe, futi Musa maclayi Musaceae (Banana family) Banana, plantain
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Fala Pandanus tectorius Pandanaceae (Screwpine family) Pandanus, screwpine
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Fau Hibiscus tiliaceus Malvaceae (Mallow family) Beach hibiscus
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Fetau Calophyllum inophyllum Clusiaceae (Maongosteen family) Calophyllum
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Filimoto Flacourtia rukam Flacourtiaceae (Flacourtia family) Indian plum
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Fisoa Colubrina asiatica Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family)
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Fiu Zingiber officinale Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) Ginger
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Fu'afu'a Kleinhovia hospita Sterculiaceae (Cacao family)
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Fue laufao Epipremnum pinnatum Araceae (Taro family)
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Fue manogi Piper graeffei Piperaceae (Piper family)
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Fue moa, Fuefue moa Ipomoea pes-caprae Convolvulaceae (Morning-glory family) Beach morning-glory
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Fue saina Mikania micrantha Asteraceae (Sunflower family) Mile-a-minute weed, "Chinese Fue"
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Fue sina Vigna marina Fabaceae (Pea family) Beach pea
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Futu Barringtonia asiatica Barringtonia (Barringtonia family) Fish-poison tree
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Gatae, Gatae Samoa Erythrina variegata Fabaceae (Pea family) Coral tree
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Ifi Inocarpus fagifer Fabaceae (Pea family) Tahitian chestnut
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Ifiifi Atuna racemosa Chrysobalanaceae
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Ifilele Intsia bijuga Fabaceae (Pea family) Fijian vesi, Tongan fehi
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Kuava (English loan word) Psidium guajava Myrtaceae (Myrtle family) Guava
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La'au fai lafa Senna alata Fabaceae (Pea family) Dandlebush, acapulco
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Laga'ali Aglaia samoensis Meliaceae (Mahogany family)
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Lama, tuitui Aleurites moluccanus Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) Candlenut (lama means "soot")
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Lau mafiafia Hoya australis Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family) Wax plant
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Lau pata, Lau papata, Pata Macaranga harveyana Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
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Lau ti, Ti Cordyline fruticosa Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) Ti leaf
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Leva Cerbera manghas Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)
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Ma'anunu Tarenna sambucina Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
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Magele Trema cannabina Ulmaceae (Elm family)
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Mago Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
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Makerita (English loan word) Tagetes erecta Asteraceae (Sunflower family) African marigold
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Mamala Omalanthus nutans Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) Mamala extract found to be medicinally useful as antiviral therapy
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Masame Glochidion ramiflorum Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
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Matalafi Psychotria insularum Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
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Mati Ficus tinctoria Moraceae (Mulberry family) Dyer's fig
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Mautofu Sida rhombifolia Malvaceae (Mallow family) Broom weed
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Mau'utoga ("Tongan mau'u") Commelina diffusa Commelinaceae (Spiderwort family) Day flower
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Milo Thespesia populnea Malvaceae (Mallow family) Milo, Pacific roseword
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Moegalo Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae (Grass family) Lemon grass
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Moli'aina ("edible moli") Citrus sinensis Rutaceae (Citrus family) Orange, sweet orange
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Moso'oi Cananga odorata Annonaceae (Soursop family) Perfume tree, ylang-ylang
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Namulega Vitex trifolia Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
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Niu Cocos nucifera Arecaceae (Palm family) Coconut
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Nonu, Nonu togianonu Morinda citrifolia Rubiaceae (Coffee family) Indian mulberry, "noni"
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Nonu 'ai ("edible nonu"), Nonu fi'afi'a Syzygium malaccense Myrtaceae (Myrtle family) Malay apple
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ʻOʻa Bischofia javanica Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
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ʻOfe, ʻOfe Samoa Schizostachyum glaucifolium Poaceae (Grass family) Polynesian bamboo
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Ogoogo, Ogoogo toto Laportea interrupta Urticaceae (Nettle family) Island nettle
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Ogoogo tea, Ogoogo sina, Ogoogo pa'epa'e (all mean "white ogoogo") Acalypha lanceolata Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
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Pate Coleus scutellarioides Lamiaceae (Mint family) Coleus
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Polo feu ("spicy polo") Capsicum frutescens Solanaceae (Nightshade family) Chilli pepper
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Poumuli Flueggea flexuosa Phyllanthaceae
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Pua Fiti ("Fijian pua") Plumeria rubra Apocynaceae (Dogbane family) Plumeria, frangipani
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Pua Samoa, Tiale Gardenia taitensis Rubiaceae (Coffee family) Tahitian gardenia (tiare)
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Pua taunofo Allamanda cathartica Apocynaceae (Dogbane family) Golden trumpet
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Salato Dendrocnide harveyi Urticaceae (Nettle family) Stinging nettle tree
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Seasea Syzygium corynocarpum Myrtaceae (Myrtle family)
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Soi Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscoreaceae (Yam family) Bitter yam
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Tagitagi, Tagitagi Samoa Polyscias fruticosa Araliaceae (Panax family)
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Taipoipoi Geniostoma repestre Loganiaceae (Logania family)
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Talafalu Micromelum minutum Rutaceae (Citrus family)
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Talie Terminalia catappa Combretaceae (Tropical Island family) Tropical almond
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Talo Colocasia esculenta Araceae (Arum family) Taro
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Teuila Alpinia purpurata Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) Red ginger. (national flower of Samoa)
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Teve Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Araceae (Aroid family)
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Tipolo (Tahitian loan word) Citrus medica Rutaceae (Citrus family) Citron, lemon
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Togo, Togotogo Centella asiatica Apiaceae (Carrot family) Asiatic pennywort
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Tolo Saccharum officinarum Poaceae (Grass family) Sugarcane
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U'a Broussonetia papyrifera Moraceae (Mulberry family) Paper mulberry, used in making tapa
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Ufi Boerhavia repens Nyctaginaceae (Four O'Clock family) Yam
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ʻUlu Artocarpus altilis Moraceae (Mulberry family) Breadfruit tree
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ʻUmala Ipomoea batatas Ipomoea (Sweet Potato) Sweet potato, kumara
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Usi Euodia hortensis Rutaceae (Citrus family) Island musk
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Vao apulupulu Chamaesyce hirta Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) Garden spurge
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Vao vai Peperomia pellucida Piperaceae (Pepper family)
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Vavae Ceiba pentandra Malvaceae (Mallow family) Kapok
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Vi Spondias dulcis Anacardiaceae (Cashew family) Polynesian plum, Otaheite apple
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Vi vao Physalis angulata'' Solanaceae (Nightshade family) Wild cape gooseberry

See also

  • List of protected areas of Samoa
  • National Park of American Samoa
  • Central Savai'i Rainforest, largest continuous patch of rainforest in Polynesia
  • List of birds of Samoa
  • List of mammals of Samoa
  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia

External links

  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Samoa.
  • American Samoa Environment Protection Agency
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Protected Areas
  • Samoa: Country Report to the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations) International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources, (Leipzig, 1996); Report prepared by Seve T. Imo, William J. Cable, Apia, October, 1995.
  • Kava: its ceremonial use, An Account of Samoan History up to 1918 by Teo Tuvale.
  • Samoa Biodiversity Profile - International Treaty, Convention on Biological Diversity
Category:Samoan words and phrases
Category:Samoa-related lists
Category:Environment of Samoa
Category:Environment of American Samoa
Category:Flora of Polynesia
Category:Plant common names
Category:Lists of biota of Samoa
 
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