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Garfield, New Jersey

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In this page talks about ( Garfield, New Jersey ) It was sent to us on 30/07/2021 and was presented on 30/07/2021 and the last update on this page on 30/07/2021

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subdivision_name1 =
subdivision_name2 = Bergen
government_type = 1923 Municipal Manager Law
government_footnotes =
governing_body = City Council
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Richard Rigoglioso (term ends December 31, 2020)2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
leader_title1 = Manager
leader_name1 = Thomas J. DuchCity Manager's Office, City of Garfield. Accessed March 25, 2020.
leader_title2 = Municipal clerk
leader_name2 = Andrew J. PavlicaCity Clerk's Office, City of Garfield. Accessed March 25, 2020.
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = March 15, 1898 (as Borough)
April 19, 1917 (as City)
named_for = James Garfield
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes = 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 5.67
area_land_km2 = 5.47
area_water_km2 = 0.21
area_total_sq_mi = 2.19
area_land_sq_mi = 2.11
area_water_sq_mi = 0.08
area_water_percent = 3.65
area_rank = 395th of 565 in state
45th of 70 in county
population_as_of = 2010 Census
population_footnotes = DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.http://lwd.dol.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/census/2010/dp/dp1_ber/garfield1.pdf Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Garfield city , New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 5, 2013.
population_total = 30487
population_rank = 73rd of 566 in state
5th of 70 in countyGCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey , United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
population_density_km2 = 5608.1
population_density_sq_mi = 14524.8
population_density_rank = 15th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county
population_est = 31802
pop_est_as_of = 2019
pop_est_footnotes =
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = −05:00
timezone_DST = Eastern (EDT)
utc_offset_DST = −04:00
elevation_footnotes = , Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
elevation_m =
elevation_ft = 98
coordinates_footnotes = US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
coordinates =
postal_code_type = ZIP Code
postal_code = 07026Look Up a ZIP Code for Garfield, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 29, 2011.http://www.state.nj.us/infobank/njzips.htm Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.
area_code = 973Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Garfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 7, 2013.
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 3400325770U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.https://census.missouri.edu/geocodes/?state=34 Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0876557US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
website =
footnotes =
Garfield is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 30,487, reflecting an increase of 701 (+2.4%) from the 29,786 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,059 (+11.4%) from the 26,727 counted in the 1990 Census.Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed March 5, 2013.

History

When the area that is now Garfield was first developed in 1873, it was known as East Passaic. In 1881, the community's name was changed to Garfield in honor of President of the United States James Garfield.Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 31, 2015.Gannett, Henry. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA198 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 198. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 31, 2015.Herman, Jennifer https://books.google.com/books?id=Tc4uZ2HBG2oC&pg=PA279 New Jersey Encyclopedia, p. 279. State History Publications, 2008. . Accessed August 31, 2015. There are two explanations given for the circumstances behind the renaming. According to one, shortly after Garfield was elected to the presidency the founder of East Passaic said, "tell everyone...don't speak of East Passaic anymore; call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity." Seven months later, President Garfield was assassinated but his name remained with the community.Lanza, Howard D. https://books.google.com/books?id=GgOcX9_mW7AC&pg=PA10 Garfield, p. 10. Arcadia Publishing, 2002. . Accessed August 29, 2017. "On the fay following the inauguration of Pres. James A. Garfield, Bogart boasted, "Don't speak of East Passaic anymore, call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity.'" The second theory holds that after Garfield's death in 1881, a new train station was named in his honor, which in turn led to the surrounding area becoming associated with his name as well.http://www.garfieldnj.org/aboutgarfield History of Garfield, City of Garfield. Accessed August 29, 2017. "Gilbert D. Bogart is often credited as having been the founder of "modern day" Garfield. When seven houses were constructed in 1873 between Monroe Street and Van Winkle Avenue, the area became known as 'East Passaic'....In 1881, a railroad shortcut, the Bergen County Railroad, was laid and a station built and called Garfield after President James A. Garfield who died that year."
Garfield was originally incorporated as a borough on March 15, 1898, from portions of Saddle River Township and Wallington. At the time, the New Jersey Legislature set Garfield's boundaries as they exist today. On April 19, 1917, the borough became the City of Garfield, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78. Accessed October 25, 2012.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.19 square miles (5.67 km2), including 2.11 square miles (5.47 km2) of land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) of water (3.65%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Belmont, Bogart Heights, Dundee Dam and Plauderville.Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
The city has land borders with adjacent Elmwood Park, Lodi, Saddle Brook and South Hackensack. The Saddle River is a shared border with Wallington. There are three bridges over the Passaic River crossing the municipal and county line to Passaic and Clifton in Passaic County.Areas touching Garfield, MapIt. Accessed March 25, 2020.https://www.co.bergen.nj.us/visitors-guide/county-maps Bergen County Map of Municipalities, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 25, 2020.https://www.state.nj.us/transportation/gis/maps/polnoroads.pdf New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.

Environment

The United States Environmental Protection Agency has identified Garfield as the site of groundwater contaminated hexavalent chromium from a spill in 1983 at the E.C. Electroplating Corporation site. In 2016, the EPA announced a $37 million project to cleanup contamination at the site using Superfund money, as the company responsible for the spill of of chromic acid is no longer in business.Garfield Chromium Ground Water Contamination, United States Environmental Protection Agency, May 2014. Accessed August 29, 2017.http://www.nj.gov/health//ceohs/documents/eohap/haz_sites/bergen/garfield/ec_electroplating/garfield_contamination_hc.pdf Incidence of Selected Cancer Types in the Neighborhood near the Garfield Ground Water Contamination Site (a/k/a E.C. Electroplating Corporation), New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, October 17, 2011. Accessed August 29, 2017.Na, Myles. http://www.nj.com/bergen/index.ssf/2016/09/epa_to_spend_37m_on_massive_north_jersey_chromium_cleanup.html "EPA has $37M plan for North Jersey chromium cleanup, but no money", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 21, 2016. Accessed February 6, 2017. "The federal Environmental Protection Agency on Tuesday finalized a plan to clean up groundwater contaminated with chromium from a former electroplating plant on Clark Street, though it still lacks the funds to pay finish it."

Demographics


{{US Census population
1890= 1028
1900= 3504
1910=10213
1920=19381
1930=29739
1940=28044
1950=27550
1960=29253
1970=30797
1980=26803
1990=26727
2000=29786
2010=30487
estimate=31802
estyear=2019
estref=QuickFacts for Garfield city, New Jersey; Bergen County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/mcds/totals/SUB-MCD-EST2019-ANNRES-34.xlsx Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2019/cities/totals/sub-est2019_34.csv Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
footnote=Population sources:
1890-1920Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 15, 2013. 1880-1890Porter, Robert Percival. https://books.google.com/books?id=8gUkQkJdLpsC&pg=PA97 Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 15, 2013.
1890-1930https://books.google.com/books?id=kifRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA710 Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 710. Accessed December 13, 2011. 1900-2010http://lwd.dol.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/census/1990/poptrd6.htm Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 13, 2011.http://www.co.bergen.nj.us/ArchiveCenter/ViewFile/Item/75 Bergen County Data Book 2003 , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.https://www.co.bergen.nj.us/images/Departments__Services/Planning__Engineering/Census_Data/1900to2010HistoricalPop.pdf Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900-2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed September 26, 2019.
2000 2010
Based on data from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey, the city had a median age of 35.4, the lowest median age in the county. Garfield was one of four municipalities with a median age below the national and state average of 37.6, and well below the median age of 41.5 in Bergen County."20 towns in Bergen County with the lowest median age", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 8, 2017. Accessed December 24, 2019. "Towns in Bergen County are people who have higher median ages than fellow New Jerseyans, the most recent Census data shows. There were only four towns in Bergen County with lower median ages than the national and state average of 37.6, according to figures from 2005 to 2009, compared to those from 2011 to 2015.... The youngest median age in the county was in Garfield. There was no change from pre-to post-Recession in terms of age."
The borough is also home to the architecturally prominent Russian Orthodox Church of Three Saints, which serves the growing Ukrainian American community in western Bergen County.Russian Orthodox Church of Three Saints, Garfield, NJ, Moscow Patriarchate, Patriarchal Parish in the USA.

2010 Census


The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $51,407 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,842) and the median family income was $56,701 (+/- $5,020). Males had a median income of $42,927 (+/- $1,953) versus $33,231 (+/- $3,471) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,022 (+/- $1,348). About 9.8% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of ages 65 years or over.DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
Same-sex couples headed 68 households in 2010.Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record, August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 4, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2014

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 29,786 people, 11,250 households, and 7,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,976.0 people per square mile (5,399.3/km2). There were 11,698 housing units at an average density of 5,488.8 per square mile (2,120.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.11% White, 2.98% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.11% of the population.Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Garfield city, New Jersey , United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.https://archive.today/20200212085747/http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/00_SF1/DP1/0600000US3400325770 DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Garfield city, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
There were 11,250 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 22.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,748, and the median income for a family was $51,654. Males had a median income of $35,987 versus $26,896 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,530. About 6.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, an adjusted 22.9% of Garfield's population reported Polish ancestry, ranked third highest in New Jersey behind Manville (23.1%) and Wallington (45.5%).Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Garfield city , United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Polish.html Polish Communities , EPodunk. Accessed June 15, 2008.

Government

Local government

The City of Garfield operates under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law of New Jersey municipal government, with a governing body comprised of a five-member Council, who appoint a City Manager. Council members are elected at-large in non-partisan elections to serve four-year terms on a concurrent basis.2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 154. The city is one of seven municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government.Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019. In November 2015, following a referendum that supported the move by a 3-1 margin, the City Council voted to shift the city's municipal elections from May to November, citing hopes for greater voter participation and potential savings of $50,000 for each election; the shift result in the extension of terms for the then-serving council and municipal manager by six months, to the end of December 2016. The most recent municipal election was held on November 8, 2016, together with the presidential election.Cattafi, Kristie. https://web.archive.org/web/20160305073146/http://www.northjersey.com/community-news/town-government/council-introduces-ordinance-to-move-election-1.1458444 "Council introduces ordinance to move elections in Garfield", Community News (Garfield edition), November 19, 2015, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 5, 2016. Accessed August 29, 2017. "The council unanimously voted in favor of the ordinance after the public voted on Nov. 3, 846 to 276 for a non-binding referendum on whether to change the city council election from May to the day of the general election in November.... If adopted, the next scheduled council election will switch from May 10, 2016 to Nov. 8, 2016. The council elections will be on cycle every four years with the presidential election."Cattafi, Kristie. http://www.lwvnj.org/images/cg_2011.pdf#page=58 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government , p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.

Politics

image:Flag-macedon-nj.jpgthumbright250pxMacedonian and American flags on the streets in Garfield, New Jersey on Macedonian Independence Day.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,904 registered voters in Garfield, of which 3,958 (33.2% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,395 (11.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 6,541 (54.9% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.Voter Registration Summary - Bergen, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 7, 2013. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 39.0% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 50.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).https://www.census.gov GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey , United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 7, 2013.
In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 5,477 votes (57.3% vs. 54.2% countywide), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 3,782 votes (39.6% vs. 41.1%) and other candidates with 299 votes (3.1% vs. 4.6%), among the 9,690 ballots cast by the city's 14,816 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.4% (vs. 72.5% in Bergen County).Presidential November 8, 2016 General Election Results - Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, November 8, 2016. Accessed May 24, 2020 In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 5,538 votes (67.1% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,540 votes (30.8% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 96 votes (1.2% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,256 ballots cast by the city's 13,183 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).http://njelections.org/2012-results/2012-presidential-bergen.pdf Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County , New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2013.http://njelections.org/2012-results/2012-ballotscast-bergen.pdf Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County , New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2013. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 5,138 votes (59.7% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,315 votes (38.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 68 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 8,613 ballots cast by the city's 13,013 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.2% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/election-results/2008-gen-elect-presidential-results-bergen.pdf 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 7, 2013.http://dng.northjersey.com/media_server/tr/smaps/2008/electionresults2008/att/North_Jersey_election_results_44.html 2008 General Election Results for Garfield, The Record. Accessed December 13, 2011. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 4,804 votes (57.8% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,394 votes (40.9% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 66 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,305 ballots cast by the city's 12,665 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/election-results/2004-presidential_bergen_co_2004.pdf 2004 Presidential Election: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 7, 2013.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.4% of the vote (1,960 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 48.0% (1,865 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (63 votes), among the 3,960 ballots cast by the city's 12,609 registered voters (72 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 31.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 2,428 ballots cast (54.1% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,796 votes (40.0% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 203 votes (4.5% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 4,490 ballots cast by the city's 12,282 registered voters, yielding a 36.6% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).2009 Governor: Bergen County , New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 7, 2013.

Education

The Garfield Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.Home Page, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed August 27, 2020. "The Garfield school district is comprised of approximately five thousand students housed in seven elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. In addition, the district also offers PreK education to three and four-year-old children in various locations in the city."https://www.straussesmay.com/seportal/Public/DistrictPolicy.aspx?policyid=0110&id=4e3779a5718e46068e2280621741d99d Garfield Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Garfield School District. Composition: The Garfield School District is all the area within the municipal boundaries of Garfield." The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,https://www.nj.gov/highereducation/grants/CBRFP/ABBOTTs.pdf Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 1, 2020. which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.https://www.njsda.gov/NJSDA/About/WhatWeDo What We Do, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2020.https://www.njsda.gov/NJSDA/Content/FactSheets/31_SDA_Districts.pdf SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2020.
As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 4,992 students and 438.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.District information for Garfield Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019. Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statisticshttps://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3405760 School Data for the Garfield Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.) are
Garfield Early Childhood Learning CenterGarfield Early Childhood Center, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (298 students; in PreK),
Garfield Public Preschool AnnexGarfield Public Preschool Annex, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. / Garfield Public Preschool Annex3http://gppa3.gboe.org/ Garfield Public Preschool Annex3, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (149; PreK),
Washington Irving School #4Washington Irving School #4, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (426; K-5),
Woodrow Wilson School #5Woodrow Wilson School #5, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (310; K-5),
Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (409; PreK-5),
Theodore Roosevelt School #7Theodore Roosevelt School #7, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (382; K-5),
Christopher Columbus School #8Christopher Columbus School #8, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (421; PreK-5),
Thomas Jefferson School #9Thomas Jefferson School #9, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (NA; PreK-5),
James Madison School #10James Madison School #10, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (323; K-5),
Garfield Middle SchoolGarfield Middle School, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (989; 6-8) and
Garfield High SchoolGarfield High School, Garfield Public Schools. Accessed March 25, 2020. (1,090; 9-12).https://homeroom5.doe.state.nj.us/directory/school.php?district=1700&source=01 New Jersey School Directory for the Garfield Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 7, 2013.https://bcts.bergen.org/index.php/admissions Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 29, 2016.
Bergen Arts and Science Charter School, which opened in September 2006, serves public school students in the district, as well as those from Hackensack and Lodi.Admission Portal, iLearn Schools. Accessed May 31, 2020. "Charter schools first accept applications from students living within the charter school’s local school district. If places are unfilled, out-of-district children can then be accepted. Local school districts for iLearn Schools are as follows: Bergen-ASCS: Garfield, Hackensack, and Lodi" The elementary (grades K-3) and middle (4-8) school facilities are located in Garfield, while the high school (9-12) is in Hackensack.https://ilearnschools.org/bergen-arts-science-charter-school/ Home Page, Bergen Arts and Science Charter School. Accessed May 31, 2020. As of the 2018–19 school year, the charter school had an enrollment of 1,163 students and 83.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.0:1.https://nces.ed.gov/ccd/districtsearch/district_detail.asp?Search=2&details=1&ID2=3400715&DistrictID=3400715 District information for Bergen Arts And Science Charter School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.

Emergency services


Police

The Garfield Police Department (GPD) provides emergency and protective services to the city of Garfield. The GPD consists of 61 sworn officers.Police Department, City of Garfield. Accessed August 29, 2017. "The Garfield Police Department located at 411 Midland Ave Garfield, NJ 07026 (non-emergency telephone number 973-478-8500) currently employees 61 Sworn officers, 6 Public Safety telecommunicaters and 2 Record Room clerks."

Fire

The Garfield Fire Department (GFD) is a fully volunteer fire department.Garfield Volunteer Fire Department, City of Garfield. Accessed August 29, 2017. "The City of Garfield is served by a volunteer Fire Department five separate fire companies. Each company is composed of a 20-person roster of members." The GFD was organized on July 17, 1893.http://www.tccweb.org/newjersey.htm Garfield History. Accessed August 29, 2017. "On July 17, 1893 a group of citizens gathered at Hollingshead Hall on Washington Place and formed the first Fire Department. It is still called 'Old Reliable' today. Fire Company No. 1 used the bell at the First Presbyterian Church as the companies' fire alarm." The department is staffed by 150 fully trained firefighters operating out of five firehouses. The Department has three engine companies, one rescue engine company and one ladder(tiller) company. In addition they have a hazardous materials unit, a water rescue boat and a foam tender.http://www.firedepartments.net/NewJersey/Garfield/CityOfGarfieldFireDepartment.html City Of Garfield Fire Department, Fire Departments Network. Accessed June 30, 2011.

Transportation

thumbrightUS 46 eastbound in Garfield

Roads and highways

, the city had a total of of roadways, of which were maintained by the municipality, by Bergen County and by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 7, 2013.
U.S. Route 46 and County Route 507 pass through Garfield. Other main roads include Midland Avenue, Outwater Lane, River Drive and Passaic Street. There are five crossings of the Lower Passaic River.

Public transportation

Both the Garfield stationPlauderville station, NJ Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013. and the Plauderville station, located on the Saddle Brook border,http://www.njtransit.com/rg/rg_servlet.srv?hdnPageAction=TrainStationLookupFrom&selStation=46 Garfield station, NJ Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013. are served by NJ Transit's Bergen County Line, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to most of New Jersey Transit's other train lines.http://www.njtransit.com/rg/rg_servlet.srv?hdnPageAction=LineDetailsTo&selLine=MNBN Main/Bergen-Port Jervis Line, NJ Transit. Accessed December 7, 2013.
New Jersey Transit buses includes lines 160 and 161 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service on the 702, 707, 709 and 758 routes.Routes by County: Bergen County, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed September 14, 2016.http://www.njtransit.com/pdf/bus/Bergen_County_Map.pdf Bergen County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed September 14, 2016.

Notable people


People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Garfield include:
  • Tony Aless (1921–1988), jazz pianist.Lees, Gene. Leader of the band: The life of Woody Herman, p. 117. Oxford University Press, 1995. . Accessed June 30, 2011. "Born Anthony Allesandrini in Garfield, New Jersey, on August 22, 1921, Tony would stay with the band for two years, and then work with various members of the Herman alumni in small groups, and with Charlie Parker, Sheldon Powell and others."
  • Miles Austin (born 1984), wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys.Caplan, Jeff. "Cowboys receiver Miles Austin smiles all the way to the end zone", The Victoria Advocate, October 31, 2009. Accessed April 1, 2011. "Humble, charming and hard-working, Austin, 25, is a byproduct of his hometown and his family. That hometown, blue-collar Garfield in northern New Jersey, is going bananas over Miles-mania."
  • Joe Benigno (born 1953), sports radio personality on WFAN.Zeitchik, Steven. "In Person; Meet Joe Fan", The New York Times, January 23, 2005. Accessed January 16, 2019. "Amid the swirl of the New York region's media personalities, most people have probably never heard of Mr. Benigno. But as the longtime host of WFAN's overnight program, the Garfield-born, Paramus-bred broadcaster combined an uncommon mix of black humor, esoteric knowledge and incredulity to become a cult figure."
  • Al Blozis (1919–1945), player for the New York Giants killed during World War II.Thomas Jr., Robert McG. "Two Giants Were Heroes Far From Playing Field", The New York Times, January 26, 1991. Accessed September 25, 2009. "Blozis, who was born in Garfield, N.J., and was a star athlete at Dickinson High School in Jersey City before going to Georgetown on a track scholarship, was regarded as the strongest player in professional football and had the physique to prove it."
  • Linda Bove (born 1945), deaf actress who played the part of Linda the Librarian on the children's television program Sesame Street from 1971 to 2003.Lang, Harry G. Deaf Persons in the Arts and Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary, p. 47. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995. . Accessed February 1, 2014. "Linda Bove was born on November 30, 1945, in Garfield, New Jersey".
  • David Brigati (born 1940), original member of Joey Dee and the Starliters and backing singer for The Rascals.Lustig, Jay. "'Peppermint Twist – Part 1,' Joey Dee and the Starliters", Institute for Nonprofit News, July 13, 2015. Accessed September 14, 2016. "But how were saxophonist and Passaic native Joey Dee and his Starliters, featuring lead singer David Brigati of Garfield, able to get there so quickly?"
  • Eddie Brigati (born 1945), singer/songwriter, founding member of The Rascals.Trescott, Jacqueline. "Growing Up in The Land Of Ozzie; New Jersey and the Shape Of America's Teen Culture", The Washington Post, May 8, 1998. Accessed August 29, 2017. "Eddie Brigati of Garfield, he being part of the Young Rascals."
  • Luis Castillo (born 1983), defensive end for the San Diego Chargers.Pelzman, J.P. "Jets notes: Garfield's Luis Castillo feels the hurt of loss", The Record, January 18, 2010, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2012. Accessed August 29, 2017. "'We'll have nine months,' the Garfield native said, 'for every individual to find a way to point to themselves and to find a way, one of these years, to get past one of these games.'"
  • Wayne Chrebet (born 1973), wide receiver who played for the New York Jets.Pedulla, Tom. "Unlikely pair of aces lift Jets Johnson, Chrebet catch fire", USA Today, January 8, 1999. Accessed April 1, 2011. "The 5-10, 185-pound Chrebet comes from Garfield, N.J., played his college ball at Hofstra and never was drafted."
  • Mickey Deans (1934–2003), musician, fifth husband of Judy Garland.Deans, Mickey; and Pinchot, Ann. Weep no more, my lady, Hawthorn Books, 1972. . Accessed May 16, 2013. " I was born Michael De Vinko in Garfield, New Jersey, on September 24, 1934."
  • Gordon Hollingshead (1892–1952), movie producer who won six Academy Awards, including for the 1945 short film Star in the Night."Hollywood Star Walk: Gordon Hollingshead", Los Angeles Times. Accessed December 7, 2013. "Born Jan. 8, 1892 in Garfield, N.J."
  • Otto Huber (1914–1989), Major League Baseball player who played for the Boston Bees during the 1939 season.Otto Huber, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed August 29, 2017.
  • Gianfranco Iannotta (born 1994), track and field athlete who won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Paralympics.Gianfranco Iannotta, Team USA. Accessed December 13, 2019. "Birthplace: Passaic, N.J. Hometown: Garfield, N.J. High School: Garfield High School (Garfield, N.J.) '12"
  • Isaac M. Laddon (1894–1976), aircraft designer.Isaac M. Laddon, Florida International University. Accessed June 30, 2011.
  • Tippy Larkin (1911–1992), boxer.Nichols, Joseph C. "Larkin Knocks Out Archer In Eighth; Outboxed at Start in Garden, He Adopts Slugging Tactics in Sixth to Turn Tide Referee Stops Contest Newark Welterweight Suffers Concussion and Is Removed to Hospital After Fight", The New York Times, June 3, 1944. Accessed January 19, 2019. "Tippy Larkin's right hand served him to better advantage than did his vaunted boxing ability in his scheduled ten-round bout with Freddie Archer of Newark at Madison Square Garden last night. Outpointed in the early rounds, the Garfield (N.J.) welterweight brought the weapon into play to such good effect that he registered an eight-round technical knockout."
  • Michael J. Pollard (1939-2019), character actor and comedian widely known for his role as C.W. Moss in the film Bonnie and Clyde (1967), for which he received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nomination.Bernstein, Adam for The Washington Post. "Michael J. Pollard, scene-stealing actor in 'Bonnie and Clyde,' dies at 80", Frederick News-Post, November 23, 2019. Accessed November 24, 2019. "The son of a bar manager, Michael John Pollack Jr. was born in Passaic, New Jersey, on May 30, 1939, and grew up in Garfield and Clifton, New Jersey. He changed his last name to Pollard."
  • Gorgi Popstefanov (born 1987), Macedonian road racing cyclist.Gorgi Popstefanov , George Washington University. Accessed November 7, 2017. "Hometown: Garfield, NJ; High School: Seton Hall Preparatory"
  • Janice Robinson (born 1967), singer, solo and with Livin' Joy.Morse, Steve. "Janice Robinson The Color Within Me Warner Bros.", Boston Globe, December 23, 1999. Accessed August 29, 2017. "Get ready for a pumped-up blast of rock'n soul, hip-hop and gospel spirit that goes by the name of Janice Robinson. Hailing from Garfield, N.J., she holds nothing back on this very personal and appealing record."
  • Paul L. Troast (1894-1972), building contractor, chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority during its construction, and one-time failed gubernatorial candidate in 1953."Paul Troast, Led Jersey Turnpike" The New York Times, July 23, 1972. Accessed December 28, 2017. "Born in 1894 in nearby Garfield, Mr. Troast spent his life in developing resources in Passaic and Clifton."
  • Joseph Villa (1948–1995), pianist.Staff. "Joseph Villa, Pianist, 46", The New York Times, April 15, 1995. Accessed June 30, 2011. "Mr. Villa was born in Garfield, N.J., on Aug. 9, 1948, and studied at the Juilliard School with Sascha Gorodnitzki."

Sources

  • Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
  • Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, Nelson. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
  • Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
  • Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
  • Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858–1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.

External links


  • City of Garfield official website
  • Garfield Chamber of Commerce
  • Year 1909 bird's eye view

Category:1873 establishments in New Jersey
Category:1923 Municipal Manager Law
Category:Cities in Bergen County, New Jersey
Category:Populated places established in 1873
 
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