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Mueda

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In this page talks about ( Mueda ) It was sent to us on 11/06/2021 and was presented on 11/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 11/06/2021

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Mueda is the largest town of the Makonde Plateau in northeastern Mozambique. It is the capital of the Mueda District in Cabo Delgado Province. It is the center of the culture of the Makondes, and the production of their ebony sculptures.

Geography

Mueda is located on the upland Mueda Plateau, which has a more temperate climate than the coast, but where, because of the permeable sandy soil, water infiltrates to a great depth, making it difficult to supply drinking water. In about 1970, Portugal, the ruling authority of Mozambique at the time, built a system to supply drinkable water, under the direction of the engineer Canhoto. In the 1980s, after the independence of Mozambique from Portugal, the system was rebuilt by the Mozambican government, with the assistance of UNICEF and Swiss co-operation.

Climate


{{Weather box
location = Mueda
single line = Yes
metric first = Yes
Jan high F = 82
Feb high F = 82
Mar high F = 81
Apr high F = 79
May high F = 78
Jun high F = 76
Jul high F = 76
Aug high F =77
Sep high F = 80
Oct high F = 83
Nov high F =85
Dec high F = 84
year high F = 80
Jan low F = 65
Feb low F = 66
Mar low F = 65
Apr low F = 63
May low F = 61
Jun low F = 57
Jul low F = 56
Aug low F = 56
Sep low F = 58
Oct low F = 61
Nov low F = 63
Dec low F = 64
year low F = 61
Jan precipitation inch = 10.6
Feb precipitation inch =8.6
Mar precipitation inch = 9.2
Apr precipitation inch = 4.9
May precipitation inch = 0.9
Jun precipitation inch = 0.2
Jul precipitation inch = 0
Aug precipitation inch = 0.1
Sep precipitation inch = 0.1
Oct precipitation inch = 0.2
Nov precipitation inch = 1.6
Dec precipitation inch = 6.9
year precipitation inch = 43.4
source 1 = Weatherbase
Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
date=November 2011

History

Mueda was founded around a Portuguese colonial army barracks.

Massacre of Mueda

On 16 June 1960, Makonde nationalists organized a demonstration in front of the Mueda District headquarters on the Mueda town square in order to demand independence from Portugal. Apparently the district administrator had invited them to present their grievances. The administrator ordered the leaders arrested, and the crowd protested. The Portuguese administrator ordered his pre-assembled troops to fire on the crowd, after which many more were thrown to their death into a ravine. The number of dead is in dispute. However, resentment generated by these events ultimately led to the independentist guerrilla organization FRELIMO gaining needed momentum at the outset of the Mozambican War of Independence (1964–1975). The site of the massacre is marked by a commemorative statue.

War for independence

The Makonde were strong supporters of FRELIMO. In fact, the Makonde African National Union (MANU - later Mozambique African National Union) was one of the three founding organizations of FRELIMO. Mueda was also the site of Portuguese operations against FRELIMO. In 1967, in one of its first major military actions, FRELIMO launched an abortive attack against the airbase there, although the base was seriously damaged. In May 1970, General Arriaga began Operation Gordian Knot, headquartered out of Mueda. By the end of the operation, he claimed to have eliminated over seventy FRELIMO bases. However, other than loss of equipment and supplies, the operation did not affect FRELIMO's ability to infiltrate additional arms from Tanzania, and did not substantially affect their ability to wage war. In a later attack, in 1972, against the Mueda airbase, all nineteen airplanes were destroyed.

Images from Mueda


Image:MuedaAirport.JPGMueda Airport c. 1995
Image:MuedaGas_0126.jpgRefueling station in Mueda c. 1995

Notes


External links


Category:Populated places in Cabo Delgado Province
Category:Makonde people
Category:Mozambican War of Independence
 
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