Today: Sunday 1 August 2021 , 10:39 pm


Stele of Zakkur

Last updated 7 Day , 1 hour 5 Views

In this page talks about ( Stele of Zakkur ) It was sent to us on 25/07/2021 and was presented on 25/07/2021 and the last update on this page on 25/07/2021

Your Comment

Enter code
The Stele of Zakkur (or Zakir) is a royal stele of King Zakkur of Hamath and Luhuti (or Lu'aš) in the province Nuhašše of Syria, who ruled around 785 BC.
The Stele was discovered in 1903 at Tell Afis (mentioned in the Stele as Hazrach), 45 km southeast of Aleppo, in the territory of the ancient kingdom of Hamath. It was published in 1907. The inscription is known as KAI 202; it reads:
'Bar-Hadad' mentioned in the inscription may have been Bar-Hadad III, son of Hazael.
Two gods are mentioned in the inscription, Baalshamin and Iluwer. Iluwer was the personal god of king Zakkur, while Baalshamin was the god of the city. It is believed that Iluwer represents the earlier god Mer or Wer going back to 3rd millennium BC.
This inscription represents the earliest Aramaean evidence of the god Baalshamin/Ba'alsamayin.

See also

  • Baal with Thunderbolt
  • List of artifacts significant to the Bible


As translated in Poobalan, Ivor "The Period of Jeroboam II with Special Reference to Amos"
Gibson J.C.L., Textbook of Syrian Semitic Inscriptions II, Oxford 1975, num. 5.
Herbert Niehr (ed), The Aramaeans in Ancient Syria. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1: The Near and Middle East. BRILL, 2014
Scott B. Noegel, The Zakkur Inscription. In: Mark W. Chavalas, ed. The Ancient Near East: Historical Sources in Translation. London: Blackwell (2006), 307–311.
Yildiz, Efrem "The Aramaic Language and Its Classification" Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies


  • Pognon, H., Inscriptions sémitiques de la Syrie, de la Mésopotamie, et de la région de Mossoul. . Paris: Imprimerie nationale/Gabalda, 1907
  • Driver, S.R., "An Aramaic Inscription from Syria." Expositor 7/5 (1908): 481–90.
  • Ronzevalle, S., "An Aramaic inscription of Zakir, ruler of Hamath and Laˁš." Al-Mashriq 11 (1908): 302–10
  • Halévy, J., "Inscription de Zakir, roi de Hamat, découverte par M. H. Pognon." RevSém 16 (1908a): 243–46
  • Nöldeke, Theodor, "Aramäische Inschriften." ZA 21 (1908a): 375–88
  • Montgomery, James A., "Some Gleanings from Pognon's ZKR Inscription." JBL 28 (1909): 57–70

External links

  • The Aramaic Inscription of Zakar, King of Hamath
  • A picture of the stele online.

Category:9th-century BC steles
Category:8th-century BC steles
Category:1903 archaeological discoveries
Category:Ancient Near East steles
Category:Syro-Hittite states
Category:Syrian art
Category:Archaeological discoveries in Syria
Category:Near East and Middle East antiquities of the Louvre
Category:Phoenician inscriptions
Category:KAI inscriptions

There are no Comments yet

last seen
Most vists