Adam Hodgson (1788â€“1862) was an English merchant in Liverpool, known also as a writer and abolitionist.
He was the son of Thomas Hodgson, a Liverpool merchant, and his wife Elizabeth Lightbody (1758â€“1795). David Sekers, (ed.) The Diary of Hannah Lightbody 1786â€“1790 (PDF) p. 142 His father Thomas (1737â€“1817), from Caton, took part in the Atlantic slave trade, initially in Gambia as an agent for Miles Barber; then from his own fort on the Isle de Los off Sierra Leone, and by investment in slaving ships.http://www.qmulreligionandliterature.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/242008Sup2.pdf David Sekers, (ed.) The Diary of Hannah Lightbody 1786â€“1790 (PDF) p. 8 note 28 and pp. 13â€“4 He then moved into cotton manufacturing, retiring from business in 1817 after losses.http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/2447/1/WRAP_THESIS_Howman_2006.pdf Brian Richard Howman, An Analysis of Slave Abolitionists in the North-West of England, 2006 (PDF), at p. 74 Isaac Hodgson (1783â€“1847), merchant and banker, was Adam's elder brother, and he had four sisters (Elizabeth, Agnes, Mary and Anna).http://www.qmulreligionandliterature.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/242008Sup2.pdf David Sekers, (ed.) The Diary of Hannah Lightbody 1786â€“1790 (PDF) p. 90 note 261 and p. 142 His aunt Hannah Lightbody married Samuel Greg; the couple established Quarry Bank Mill, a centre of innovation in the cloth business. Adam's cousins included Robert Hyde Greg MP, Samuel Greg Jr. and William Rathbone Greg Elizabeth Greg (1790â€“1882) married William Rathbone V, of the Liverpool mercantile family. She founded the first public wash-houses in the United Kingdom in the wake of the 1832 cholera epidemic, along with Kitty Wilkinson. Later she helped William Forster in formulating the 1870 Education Act. Hodgson was a partner in Rathbone, Hodgson & Co., founded by William Rathbone V and his brother Richard, from 1814. He made a North American tour in 1819â€“21, sailing the Atlantic in the Courier to New York. After his return, Hodgson left Rathbone, Hodgson & Co., and went into business as a cotton broker, in 1824, forming Hodgson, Jones & Ryley with William Jones and James Ryley. Jones and Hodgson were also partners in insurance broking, the partnership being dissolved in 1845. In 1824 Hodgson was on the founding committee of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company. Also on the committee was Lister Ellis, Liverpool merchant and plantation owner in British Guiana, and when Ellis died in 1829, Hodgson was one of his executors. In January 1829 he advocated against renewal of the trading monopoly of the East India Company. He was a founder in 1831 of the Bank of Liverpool, with George Holt, Isaac Cooke and others, and became its Managing Director. Christopher O'Brien, The origins and originators of early statistical societies: a comparison of Liverpool and Manchester, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society) Vol. 174, No. 1 (January 2011), pp. 51-62 at p. 59. Published by: Wiley for the Royal Statistical Society. At Caton, Hodgson's residence was "Scarthwaite", on the River Lune.'Caston - Catterick', in A Topographical Dictionary of England, ed. Samuel Lewis (London, 1848), pp. 531-534. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/england/pp531-534 accessed 13 February 2017. , published 1858, for Scarthwaite, Adam Hodgson's house at Caton
Letters from North America: Written During a Tour in the United States and Canada (1824). These letters were first published in the Christian Observer in 1822â€“3. Remarks during a Journey through North America in the Years 1819, 1820, and 1821 (New York, 1823) was a pirated edition.
Hodgson's itinerary in North America, in 1819 to 1821, took him on a journey of 8000 miles through the US and Canada, staying in homes. Letters to England were later collected into a book in two volumes.Cratis D. Williams and Martha H. Pipes, The Southern Mountaineer in Fact and Fiction: Part I, Appalachian Journal Vol. 3, No. 1 (Autumn 1975), pp. 8â€“61 at p. 46. Published by: Appalachian Journal and Appalachian State University This work has been seen, in the matter of indigenous populations, as a link between the thinking of Jedediah Morse in the US, and the Aborigines Protection Society in the UK.William E. Unrau, An International Perspective on American Indian Policy: The South Australian Protector and Aborigines Protection Society, Pacific Historical Review Vol. 45, No. 4 (Nov., 1976), pp. 519â€“538. Published by: University of California Press. DOI: 10.2307/3638101 In terms of lifestyles, Hodgson claimed to have witnessed part of a stadial theory, that of Condorcet, in action. His travel from west to east struck him as a demonstration of the move towards commercial society. He also commented on the coupled pace of land clearing and human settlement. Verdicts given by Hodgson were felt to have damaged the USA's reputation aboard. James Fenimore Cooper wrote his Notions of the Americans (1828) to counteract the impression given by Hodgson, and Basil Hall who had travelled in North America in 1827â€“8.
Ð Letter to Jean Baptiste Say on the comparative expense of free and slave labour (1823)
A Letter to the Right Honorable Sir Robert Peel, bart., on the currency (1848)
Parliament reviewed the Bank Charter Act of 1844, passed by Robert Peel's government, in the light of the Panic of 1847. Hodgson was taken to be a major figure of those who gave evidence to the 1848 secret committee on the matter. Henry Booth and the merchant William Pickering, along with Hodgson, defended the 1844 act, and were attacked as a group by a critic, James Harvey. On the other hand, Hodgson regarded the Panic as a narrow escape from disaster.
Hodgson in 1825 married Emily Catherine Champneys, daughter of Rev. Henry William Champneys. They had 13 children. The third child and second son, Adam Henry Hodgson (died 1906), graduated B.A. at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1848, and went into the church.
And The Children's Teeth are Set on Edge: Adam Hodgson and The Razing of Caton Chapel. An electronic book by Jonathan Huddleston